Which Breed Is Considered the Smallest Spaniel Breed?

There are over 15 different breeds of spaniels that are recognized around the world. These spaniels are all known for their outgoing personalities, fondness for the great outdoors, and, in most cases, a strong urge to hunt and track down the game.

Like other dogs, spaniel breeds vary in size and color. So, if you want to know which is the smallest breed of spaniel, continue reading.

smallest breed of spaniels

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the smallest of the spaniel breeds and weighs between 9.5 and 14.5 pounds. People who want an easy-going, friendly, well-behaved pup that can also be trained quickly and effectively frequently opt for this breed. The Cavalier Charles Spaniel is an excellent pet and house dog, yet, as a spaniel, he enjoys going on long walks and getting dirty.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Characteristics

In general, Cavalier King Charles spaniels are noted for having a personality that is extraordinarily friendly, gregarious, playful, and eager to please their owners. Since they enjoy the presence of humans and other dogs, they would be suitable for a home where they would not be left alone frequently.

They are good family pets and are popular with seniors because they’re neither demanding nor energetic.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Care 

This species adores cuddling on the sofa, but that doesn’t imply it’s a couch potato. Although it’s a toy breed, it still needs exercise and training. Additionally, if the coat of the cavalier is neglected, it can grow messy and tangled, particularly in the region around the ears.


The cocker spaniel is a breed with a joyful temperament. Additionally, they are intelligent and loyal to their owners. Even though they have a natural drive to hunt, they find the most fulfillment in the company of humans at home.

smallest breed of spaniels

They are willing to do anything their owner desires since their greatest joy is satisfying their human family. And despite their initial reluctance, cocker spaniels quickly make friends with nearly everyone they encounter.

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This pup will enjoy a 30- to a 60-minute daily walk, but it may require additional exercise. If you take your dog for a half-hour walk and then play with him for another half-hour, it will be enough exercise for your cavalier.


If you are searching for a dog with a minimal grooming routine, this may not be the right breed for you. It is essential to practice routine maintenance on the feathery ears and feet of the dog to prevent the feathers from becoming tangled or matted. It has to be combed out several times a week, or some owners trim it for easier care and to keep the dog cooler in warmer regions. There is some shedding of the coat associated with this breed, although it is not significant.


Cavalier King Charles spaniels are often highly eager to please and food-motivated. They’re easy to teach and react well to positive, force-free approaches. They excel in agility and obedience.

Occasionally, this breed exhibits spaniel-like hunting instinct. You must take precautions to ensure that your pup has a dependable recall command and that it is not permitted to chase after cattle or other small hairy creatures.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s Health Issues

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a disposition that can only be described as wonderfully lovely, but sadly, just like other purebred dogs, they are susceptible to many health problems that are specific to their breed. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are currently tested and screened for several potential health issues.

Your puppy is less likely to be afflicted with these distressing diseases if you undergo the appropriate screening. We recommend examining the medical history of your possible puppy’s parents and grandparents and considering it carefully before adopting a dog with any of the following health issues.

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There are a variety of health problems that can affect Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, including the following:

  • Heart Issues: the majority of which are brought on by mitral valve disease, are a significant issue for pups of this breed. It’s when the mitral valve contracts and doesn’t perform as well, causing a heart murmur.
  • Eye Problems:  including hereditary conditions such as cataracts and other eye diseases. Testing with KC is presently accessible for those who have genetic eye problems.
  • Luxating Patellas: a condition in which the kneecaps move momentarily out of their normal position.
  • Ear Problem: Cavalier King Charles Spaniels may be more likely to suffer from ear issues than other breeds of dogs. 
  • Dental Issues: Poor dental health is a condition that affects dogs of all breeds, but Cavaliers may be more susceptible to it than other breeds because of their shorter muzzles.
  • Are Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Hypoallergenic?

Other Spaniel Breeds

  1. American Cocker Spaniel

American Cocker Spaniels typically weigh between 15 and 30 pounds. This breed is sometimes referred to as a Cocker Spaniel, although it is not to be confused with the English Cocker, a much bigger dog with a very different appearance.

American Cocker Spaniel

This breed of dog is known for being outgoing and energetic, and its hair is often quite long and fluffy, reaching to the ground.

  1. English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel, the biggest of all the spaniels, comes in at number one on the size scale for this group. The Springer is the tallest and biggest spaniel, although this doesn’t affect its abilities.

English Springer Spaniel

Springers are energetic, skilled working dogs who nearly train themselves due to their boundless activity levels.

  1. The English Cocker Spaniel
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The English Cocker Spaniel is a famous medium-sized dog and the most popular spaniel you’ll see. The English Cocker is a skilled and dependable working spaniel with a pleasant and cheeky personality. It weighs from 26 to 35 pounds and can be anywhere between. This spaniel breed is full of life and enthusiasm.

English Cocker Spaniel

Although it is smaller enough to be kept as a house dog or companion animal, it possesses the strength and resiliency necessary to be an excellent working dog.

  1. Clumber Spaniel

The average weight of a female of this breed is between 55 and 70 pounds, while the average weight of a male of this breed is between 70 and 85 pounds.

They have a medium build, are inactive, and move quite slowly. Clumbers are sluggish and less driven than Springers or Cockers.

Clumber Spaniel

When they are inside the house, clumbers are obedient and quiet. Additionally, they are described as suspicious of strangers, even unfamiliar canines.

Where Can I Adopt or Purchase a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?

As a result of the breed’s popularity, home breeders and pup mills will exploit the situation. Canines may lack proper socialization and were bred from ill dogs.

You should make it a point to see the mother dog and her young in their natural habitat whenever possible. Your new puppy shouldn’t come home with you until they are at least eight weeks old, completely weaned, and has been examined by a veterinarian.  The price of a cavalier puppy can range anywhere from $1,000 to $2,500, depending on the breeder. There are also several exceptional cavalier King Charles spaniels in need of a permanent home.